Idea of exploiting a sort of Operating System for Smart Cities is not new, today. It's a few years that some Cities are developing and experimenting it. Just to mention some examples, there are the brilliant experiences of Bristol and Barcelona with the so-called CityOS.
We know that in Computing systems, the adoption of an Operating Systems facilitated applications development and diffusion by providing controlled access to high-level abstractions for the hardware resources (e.g., memory, storage, communication) and information (e.g., files, directories). Similarly, in a Smart City, one may imagine a sort of Operating System facilitating City's applications and services development by providing controlled access to high-level abstractions of the City resources.
In general, a City Operating System will allow:
- collecting and sharing data in a city;
- elaborating said data and inferring decisions (actuation) along multiple actuators, devices, smart things to communicate, control and optimize city’s processes, etc…;
- providing any sort of ICT services for a City.
In other words a City Operating System will allow:
- a sensing, collecting and storing (even locally) massive data sets (through terminals, smart things, intelligent machines);
- transporting quickly huge sets of data (through high bandwidth and ultra-low low latency network connections) where it is more convenient (allocation of virtual functions);
- elaborating big data (with A.I. and Cognitive methods in Cloud and Edge/Fog Computing) to infer decisions for actuating/controlling local actions
so it will introduce cognitive “control loops” into the City, creating a sort of Nervous System for it ! That's why I like to call the cities of the future, Cognitive Cities.
Obviously a Cognitive City OS will include some of the corresponding functions/capabilities, which are typical in an Operating System, but referring specifically to the resources and services of a City... and my take is that A.I. will be everywhere around us, fundamental to help taming the cyber-security risks.
In fact, up today, we are using quoting the well-known sentence "Software is eating the World", but looking ahead it will be more "Cognition will optimise the World" !
Take a look here link